Question or problem about Python programming:
How can I use win32 API in Python?
What is the best and easiest way to do it?
Can you please provide some examples?
How to solve the problem:
PyWin32 is the way to go – but how to use it? One approach is to begin with a concrete problem you’re having and attempting to solve it. PyWin32 provides bindings for the Win32 API functions for which there are many, and you really have to pick a specific goal first.
In my Python 2.5 installation (ActiveState on Windows) the win32 package has a Demos folder packed with sample code of various parts of the library.
For example, here’s CopyFileEx.py:
import win32file, win32api import os def ProgressRoutine(TotalFileSize, TotalBytesTransferred, StreamSize, StreamBytesTransferred, StreamNumber, CallbackReason, SourceFile, DestinationFile, Data): print Data print TotalFileSize, TotalBytesTransferred, StreamSize, StreamBytesTransferred, StreamNumber, CallbackReason, SourceFile, DestinationFile ##if TotalBytesTransferred > 100000: ## return win32file.PROGRESS_STOP return win32file.PROGRESS_CONTINUE temp_dir=win32api.GetTempPath() fsrc=win32api.GetTempFileName(temp_dir,'cfe') fdst=win32api.GetTempFileName(temp_dir,'cfe') print fsrc, fdst f=open(fsrc,'w') f.write('xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx\n'*32768) f.close() ## add a couple of extra data streams f=open(fsrc+':stream_y','w') f.write('yyyyyyyyyyyyyyyy\n'*32768) f.close() f=open(fsrc+':stream_z','w') f.write('zzzzzzzzzzzzzzzz\n'*32768) f.close() operation_desc='Copying '+fsrc+' to '+fdst win32file.CopyFileEx(fsrc, fdst, ProgressRoutine, operation_desc, False, win32file.COPY_FILE_RESTARTABLE)
It shows how to use the CopyFileEx function with a few others (such as GetTempPath and GetTempFileName). From this example you can get a “general feel” of how to work with this library.
PyWin32, as mentioned by @chaos, is probably the most popular choice; the alternative is ctypes which is part of Python’s standard library. For example,
print ctypes.windll.kernel32.GetModuleHandleA(None) will show the module-handle of the current module (EXE or DLL). A more extensive example of using ctypes to get at win32 APIs is here.
The important functions that you can to use in win32 Python are the message boxes, this is classical example of OK or Cancel.
result = win32api.MessageBox(None,"Do you want to open a file?", "title",1) if result == 1: print 'Ok' elif result == 2: print 'cancel'
win32api.MessageBox(0,"msgbox", "title") win32api.MessageBox(0,"ok cancel?", "title",1) win32api.MessageBox(0,"abort retry ignore?", "title",2) win32api.MessageBox(0,"yes no cancel?", "title",3)