Negative integer division surprising result

Python Programming

Question or problem about Python programming:

In my application I encountered the following and was surprised by the results:

8/-7=-2 (both integers).

what does this means?

How to solve the problem:

Solution 1:

For the actual values, i.e. 8.0/(-7.0), the result is roughly -1.143.

Your result using integer division is being rounded down toward the more negative value of -2. (This is also known as “Floor division”)

This is why you will get the somewhat perplexing answers of:

>>> 8/(-7)
>>> 8/7

Note: This is “fixed” in Python 3, where the result of 8/(-7) would be -1.143. So if you have no reason to be using Python 2, you should upgrade. ๐Ÿ˜‰

In Python 3, if you still want integer division, you can use the // operator. This will give you the same answer as 8/(-7) would in Python 2.

Here’s a Python Enhancement Proposal on the subject: PEP 238 — Changing the Division Operator

Solution 2:

Python always does the “floor division” for both negative numbers division and positive numbers division.

That is

1/10 = 0
1/-10 = -1

But sometime we need 1/-10 to be 0

I figure out it can be done by using the float division first then cast result to int, e.g.

int(float(1)/-10) = 0

That works fine for me, no need to import the future division or upgrade to Python 3

Hope it can help you~

Solution 3:

to have python automatically convert integer division to float, you can use:

from __future__ import division



this feature is not in the standard python 2 not to break existing code that relied on integer division.
However, this is the default behavior for python 3.

Solution 4:

When both values are integers when dividing Python uses Floor division.

Solution 5:

In python, / operator is for integer division. You can look at it as float division followed by a floor operation.

For example,

8/7 == floor(8.0/7.0) == 1
8/-7 == floor(8.0/-7.0) == -2

Hope this helps!