How to group DataFrame by a period of time?

Python Programming

Question or problem about Python programming:

I have some data from log files and would like to group entries by a minute:

 def gen(date, count=10):
     while count > 0:
         yield date, "event{}".format(randint(1,9)), "source{}".format(randint(1,3))
         count -= 1
         date += DateOffset(seconds=randint(40))

 df = DataFrame.from_records(list(gen(datetime(2012,1,1,12, 30))), index='Time', columns=['Time', 'Event', 'Source'])


 Event  Source
 2012-01-01 12:30:00     event3  source1
 2012-01-01 12:30:12     event2  source2
 2012-01-01 12:30:12     event2  source2
 2012-01-01 12:30:29     event6  source1
 2012-01-01 12:30:38     event1  source1
 2012-01-01 12:31:05     event4  source2
 2012-01-01 12:31:38     event4  source1
 2012-01-01 12:31:44     event5  source1
 2012-01-01 12:31:48     event5  source2
 2012-01-01 12:32:23     event6  source1

I tried these options:

However, the TimeGrouper class is not documented.

What is the correct way to group by a period of time? How can I group the data by a minute AND by the Source column, e.g. groupby([TimeGrouper(freq=’Min’), df.Source])?

How to solve the problem:

Solution 1:

You can group on any array/Series of the same length as your DataFrame — even a computed factor that’s not actually a column of the DataFrame. So to group by minute you can do:

df.groupby( t: t.minute))

If you want to group by minute and something else, just mix the above with the column you want to use:

df.groupby([ t: t.minute), 'Source'])

Personally I find it useful to just add columns to the DataFrame to store some of these computed things (e.g., a “Minute” column) if I want to group by them often, since it makes the grouping code less verbose.

Or you could try something like this:


Solution 2:

Since the original answer is rather old and pandas introduced periods
a different solution is nowadays:


Additionally, you can resample


Solution 3:

pd.TimeGrouper is now depreciated. Here is v1.05 update using pd.Grouper

df['Date'] = df.index

df.groupby(['Source',pd.Grouper(key = 'Date', freq='30min')])

Hope this helps!