How would I create a UIAlertView in Swift?

i0S Swift Issue

Question or problem with Swift language programming:

I have been working to create a UIAlertView in Swift, but for some reason I can’t get the statement right because I’m getting this error:

Here is how I have it written:

let button2Alert: UIAlertView = UIAlertView(title: "Title", message: "message",
                     delegate: self, cancelButtonTitle: "OK", otherButtonTitles: nil)

Then to call it I’m using:

button2Alert.show()

As of right now it is crashing and I just can’t seem to get the syntax right.

How to solve the problem:

Solution 1:

From the UIAlertView class:


// UIAlertView is deprecated. Use UIAlertController with a
preferredStyle of UIAlertControllerStyleAlert instead

On iOS 8, you can do this:

let alert = UIAlertController(title: "Alert", message: "Message", preferredStyle: UIAlertControllerStyle.Alert)
alert.addAction(UIAlertAction(title: "Click", style: UIAlertActionStyle.Default, handler: nil))
self.presentViewController(alert, animated: true, completion: nil)

Now UIAlertController is a single class for creating and interacting with what we knew as UIAlertViews and UIActionSheets on iOS 8.

Edit: To handle actions:

alert.addAction(UIAlertAction(title: "OK", style: .Default, handler: { action in
    switch action.style{
    case .Default:
        print("default")

    case .Cancel:
        print("cancel")

    case .Destructive:
        print("destructive")
    }
}}))

Edit for Swift 3:

let alert = UIAlertController(title: "Alert", message: "Message", preferredStyle: UIAlertControllerStyle.alert)
alert.addAction(UIAlertAction(title: "Click", style: UIAlertActionStyle.default, handler: nil))
self.present(alert, animated: true, completion: nil)

Edit for Swift 4.x:

let alert = UIAlertController(title: "Alert", message: "Message", preferredStyle: .alert)
alert.addAction(UIAlertAction(title: "OK", style: .default, handler: { action in
      switch action.style{
      case .default:
            print("default")

      case .cancel:
            print("cancel")

      case .destructive:
            print("destructive")


}}))
self.present(alert, animated: true, completion: nil)

Solution 2:

One Button

One Button Screenshot

class ViewController: UIViewController {

    @IBAction func showAlertButtonTapped(_ sender: UIButton) {

        // create the alert
        let alert = UIAlertController(title: "My Title", message: "This is my message.", preferredStyle: UIAlertController.Style.alert)

        // add an action (button)
        alert.addAction(UIAlertAction(title: "OK", style: UIAlertAction.Style.default, handler: nil))

        // show the alert
        self.present(alert, animated: true, completion: nil)
    }
}

Two Buttons

Two Button Alert Screenshot

class ViewController: UIViewController {

    @IBAction func showAlertButtonTapped(_ sender: UIButton) {

        // create the alert
        let alert = UIAlertController(title: "UIAlertController", message: "Would you like to continue learning how to use iOS alerts?", preferredStyle: UIAlertController.Style.alert)

        // add the actions (buttons)
        alert.addAction(UIAlertAction(title: "Continue", style: UIAlertAction.Style.default, handler: nil))
        alert.addAction(UIAlertAction(title: "Cancel", style: UIAlertAction.Style.cancel, handler: nil))

        // show the alert
        self.present(alert, animated: true, completion: nil)
    }
}

Three Buttons

enter image description here

class ViewController: UIViewController {

    @IBAction func showAlertButtonTapped(_ sender: UIButton) {

        // create the alert
        let alert = UIAlertController(title: "Notice", message: "Lauching this missile will destroy the entire universe. Is this what you intended to do?", preferredStyle: UIAlertController.Style.alert)

        // add the actions (buttons)
        alert.addAction(UIAlertAction(title: "Remind Me Tomorrow", style: UIAlertAction.Style.default, handler: nil))
        alert.addAction(UIAlertAction(title: "Cancel", style: UIAlertAction.Style.cancel, handler: nil))
        alert.addAction(UIAlertAction(title: "Launch the Missile", style: UIAlertAction.Style.destructive, handler: nil))

        // show the alert
        self.present(alert, animated: true, completion: nil)
    }
}

Handling Button Taps

The handler was nil in the above examples. You can replace nil with a closure to do something when the user taps a button. For example:

alert.addAction(UIAlertAction(title: "Launch the Missile", style: UIAlertAction.Style.destructive, handler: { action in

    // do something like...
    self.launchMissile()

}))

Notes

  • Multiple buttons do not necessarily need to use different UIAlertAction.Style types. They could all be .default.
  • For more than three buttons consider using an Action Sheet. The setup is very similar. Here is an example.

Solution 3:

You can create a UIAlert using the standard constructor, but the ‘legacy’ one seems to not work:

let alert = UIAlertView()
alert.title = "Alert"
alert.message = "Here's a message"
alert.addButtonWithTitle("Understood")
alert.show()

Solution 4:

In Swift 4.2 and Xcode 10

Method 1 :

SIMPLE ALERT

let alert = UIAlertController(title: "Your title", message: "Your message", preferredStyle: .alert)
    
     let ok = UIAlertAction(title: "OK", style: .default, handler: { action in
     })
     alert.addAction(ok)
     let cancel = UIAlertAction(title: "Cancel", style: .default, handler: { action in
     })
     alert.addAction(cancel)
     DispatchQueue.main.async(execute: {
        self.present(alert, animated: true)
})

Method 2 :

ALERT WITH SHARED CLASS

If you want Shared class style(Write once use every where)

import UIKit
class SharedClass: NSObject {//This is shared class
static let sharedInstance = SharedClass()

    //Show alert
    func alert(view: UIViewController, title: String, message: String) {
        let alert = UIAlertController(title: title, message: message, preferredStyle: .alert)
        let defaultAction = UIAlertAction(title: "OK", style: .default, handler: { action in
        })
        alert.addAction(defaultAction)
        DispatchQueue.main.async(execute: {
            view.present(alert, animated: true)
        })
    }

    private override init() {
    }
}

Now call alert like this in every ware

SharedClass.sharedInstance.alert(view: self, title: "Your title here", message: "Your message here")

Method 3 :

PRESENT ALERT TOP OF ALL WINDOWS

If you want to present alert on top of all views, use this code

func alertWindow(title: String, message: String) {
    DispatchQueue.main.async(execute: {
        let alertWindow = UIWindow(frame: UIScreen.main.bounds)
        alertWindow.rootViewController = UIViewController()
        alertWindow.windowLevel = UIWindowLevelAlert + 1
    
        let alert2 = UIAlertController(title: title, message: message, preferredStyle: .alert)
        let defaultAction2 = UIAlertAction(title: "OK", style: .default, handler: { action in
        })
        alert2.addAction(defaultAction2)
    
        alertWindow.makeKeyAndVisible()
    
        alertWindow.rootViewController?.present(alert2, animated: true, completion: nil)
    })
}

Function calling

SharedClass.sharedInstance.alertWindow(title:"This your title", message:"This is your message")

Method 4 :

Alert with Extension

extension  UIViewController {

    func showAlert(withTitle title: String, withMessage message:String) {
        let alert = UIAlertController(title: title, message: message, preferredStyle: .alert)
        let ok = UIAlertAction(title: "OK", style: .default, handler: { action in
        })
        let cancel = UIAlertAction(title: "Cancel", style: .default, handler: { action in
        })
        alert.addAction(ok)
        alert.addAction(cancel)
        DispatchQueue.main.async(execute: {
            self.present(alert, animated: true)
        })
    }
}

Now call like this

//Call showAlert function in your class
@IBAction func onClickAlert(_ sender: UIButton) {
    showAlert(withTitle:"Your Title Here", withMessage: "YourCustomMessageHere")
}

Method 5 :

ALERT WITH TEXTFIELDS

If you want to add textfields to alert.

//Global variables
var name:String?
var login:String?

//Call this function like this:  alertWithTF() 
//Add textfields to alert 
func alertWithTF() {
    
    let alert = UIAlertController(title: "Login", message: "Enter username&password", preferredStyle: .alert)
    // Login button
    let loginAction = UIAlertAction(title: "Login", style: .default, handler: { (action) -> Void in
        // Get TextFields text
        let usernameTxt = alert.textFields![0]
        let passwordTxt = alert.textFields![1]
        //Asign textfileds text to our global varibles
        self.name = usernameTxt.text
        self.login = passwordTxt.text
        
        print("USERNAME: \(self.name!)\nPASSWORD: \(self.login!)")
    })
    
    // Cancel button
    let cancel = UIAlertAction(title: "Cancel", style: .destructive, handler: { (action) -> Void in })
    
    //1 textField for username
    alert.addTextField { (textField: UITextField) in
        textField.placeholder = "Enter username"
        //If required mention keyboard type, delegates, text sixe and font etc...
        //EX:
        textField.keyboardType = .default
    }
    
    //2nd textField for password
    alert.addTextField { (textField: UITextField) in
        textField.placeholder = "Enter password"
        textField.isSecureTextEntry = true
    }
    
    // Add actions
    alert.addAction(loginAction)
    alert.addAction(cancel)
    self.present(alert, animated: true, completion: nil)
    
}

Method 6:

Alert in SharedClass with Extension

//This is your shared class
import UIKit

 class SharedClass: NSObject {

 static let sharedInstance = SharedClass()

 //Here write your code....

 private override init() {
 }
}

//Alert function in shared class
extension UIViewController {
    func showAlert(title: String, msg: String) {
        DispatchQueue.main.async {
            let alert = UIAlertController(title: title, message: msg, preferredStyle: .alert)
            alert.addAction(UIAlertAction(title: "OK", style: .default, handler: nil))
            self.present(alert, animated: true, completion: nil)
        }
    }
}

Now call directly like this

self.showAlert(title: "Your title here...", msg: "Your message here...")

Method 7:

Alert with out shared class with Extension in separate class for alert.

Create one new Swift class, and import UIKit. Copy and paste below code.

//This is your Swift new class file
import UIKit
import Foundation

extension UIAlertController {
    class func alert(title:String, msg:String, target: UIViewController) {
        let alert = UIAlertController(title: title, message: msg, preferredStyle: UIAlertControllerStyle.alert)
        alert.addAction(UIAlertAction(title: "Ok", style: UIAlertActionStyle.default) {
        (result: UIAlertAction) -> Void in
        })
        target.present(alert, animated: true, completion: nil)
    }
}

Now call alert function like this in all your classes (Single line).

UIAlertController.alert(title:"Title", msg:"Message", target: self)

How is it….

Solution 5:

Click of View

@IBAction func testClick(sender: UIButton) {

  var uiAlert = UIAlertController(title: "Title", message: "Message", preferredStyle: UIAlertControllerStyle.Alert)
  self.presentViewController(uiAlert, animated: true, completion: nil)

  uiAlert.addAction(UIAlertAction(title: "Ok", style: .Default, handler: { action in
   println("Click of default button")
  }))

  uiAlert.addAction(UIAlertAction(title: "Cancel", style: .Cancel, handler: { action in
   println("Click of cancel button")
  }))

}

Done with two buttons OK & Cancel

Hope this helps!