Add new column in Pandas DataFrame Python

Python Programming

Question or problem about Python programming:

I have dataframe in Pandas for example:

Col1 Col2
A     1 
B     2
C     3

Now if I would like to add one more column named Col3 and the value is based on Col2. In formula, if Col2 > 1, then Col3 is 0, otherwise would be 1. So, in the example above. The output would be:

Col1 Col2 Col3
A    1    1
B    2    0
C    3    0

Any idea on how to achieve this?

How to solve the problem:

Solution 1:

You just do an opposite comparison. if Col2 <= 1. This will return a boolean Series with False values for those greater than 1 and True values for the other. If you convert it to an int64 dtype, True becomes 1 and False become 0,

df['Col3'] = (df['Col2'] <= 1).astype(int)

If you want a more general solution, where you can assign any number to Col3 depending on the value of Col2 you should do something like:

df['Col3'] = df['Col2'].map(lambda x: 42 if x > 1 else 55)


df['Col3'] = 0
condition = df['Col2'] > 1
df.loc[condition, 'Col3'] = 42
df.loc[~condition, 'Col3'] = 55

Solution 2:

The easiest way that I found for adding a column to a DataFrame was to use the "add" function. Here's a snippet of code, also with the output to a CSV file. Note that including the "columns" argument allows you to set the name of the column (which happens to be the same as the name of the np.array that I used as the source of the data).

#  now to create a PANDAS data frame
df = pd.DataFrame(data = FF_maxRSSBasal, columns=['FF_maxRSSBasal'])
# from here on, we use the trick of creating a new dataframe and then "add"ing it
df2 = pd.DataFrame(data = FF_maxRSSPrism, columns=['FF_maxRSSPrism'])
df = df.add( df2, fill_value=0 )
df2 = pd.DataFrame(data = FF_maxRSSPyramidal, columns=['FF_maxRSSPyramidal'])
df = df.add( df2, fill_value=0 )
df2 = pd.DataFrame(data = deltaFF_strainE22, columns=['deltaFF_strainE22'])
df = df.add( df2, fill_value=0 )
df2 = pd.DataFrame(data = scaled, columns=['scaled'])
df = df.add( df2, fill_value=0 )
df2 = pd.DataFrame(data = deltaFF_orientation, columns=['deltaFF_orientation'])
df = df.add( df2, fill_value=0 )

Hope this helps!