Enable OpenMP support in clang in Mac OS X (sierra & Mojave)


Question or issue on macOS:

I am using Mac OS X Sierra, and I found that clang (LLVM version 8.1.0 (clang-802.0.38)) does not support OpenMP:
when I run clang -fopenmp program_name.c, I got the following error:

clang: error: unsupported option ‘-fopenmp’

It seems that clang does not support -fopenmp flag.

I could not find any openmp library in homebrew. According to LLVM website, LLVM already supports OpenMP. But I could not find a way to enable it during compiling.

Does this mean that the default clang in Mac does not support OpenMP?
Could you provide any suggestions?

(When I switch to GCC to compile the same program (gcc is installed using brew install gcc –without-multilib), and the compilation is successful.)

How to solve this problem?

Solution no. 1:

Try using Homebrew‘s llvm:

brew install llvm

You then have all the llvm binaries in /usr/local/opt/llvm/bin. To compile the OpenMP Hello World program, for example, type

/usr/local/opt/llvm/bin/clang -fopenmp -L/usr/local/opt/llvm/lib omp_hello.c -o hello

You might also have to set the CPPFLAGS with -I/usr/local/opt/llvm/include.

A makefile should look like this:

CPP = /usr/local/opt/llvm/bin/clang
CPPFLAGS = -I/usr/local/opt/llvm/include -fopenmp
LDFLAGS = -L/usr/local/opt/llvm/lib

omp_hello: omp_hello.c
    $(CPP) $(CPPFLAGS) $^ -o [email protected] $(LDFLAGS)

Update: In macOS 10.14 (Mojave) you might get an error like

/usr/local/Cellar/llvm/7.0.1/lib/clang/7.0.1/include/omp.h:118:13: fatal error: 'stdlib.h' file not found

If this happens, the macOS SDK headers are missing from /usr/include. They moved into the SDK itself with Xcode 10. Install the headers into /usr/include with

open /Library/Developer/CommandLineTools/Packages/macOS_SDK_headers_for_macOS_10.14.pkg

Solution no. 2:

Other people have given one solution (using Homebrew llvm). You can also use OpenMP with Apple Clang and Homebrew libomp (brew install libomp). Just replace a command like clang -fopenmp test.c with clang -Xpreprocessor -fopenmp test.c -lomp.

Solution no. 3:

MacOS Mojave with CMake

  1. Install LLVM with openmp and libomp with brew

     brew update brew install llvm libomp 
  2. add include directories and link directories in CMakeList.txt

     include_directories("/usr/local/include" "/usr/local/opt/llvm/include") link_directories("/usr/local/lib" "/usr/local/opt/llvm/lib") 
  3. run CMake with the new compilers

     cmake -DCMAKE_C_COMPILER="/usr/local/opt/llvm/bin/clang" -DCMAKE_CXX_COMPILER="/usr/local/opt/llvm/bin/clang++" .. 

The clang version is 7.0.1 at time of writing

Solution no. 4:

Conda-Based Compilation Environment

Conda uses clang for OSX compilation (umbrella package cxx-compiler), but I hit similar issues with using llvm-openmp and the -fopenmp flag throwing errors. Solution is rather similar to other answers, but I am including here in case others have more exactly this issue.

Specific solution was to include the Conda environment’s include/ directory in the CFLAGS, namely:


Note, I also needed to add -lstdc++ -Wl,-rpath ${CONDA_PREFIX}/lib -L${CONDA_PREFIX}/lib when linking, similar to this GitHub Issue.

Hope this helps!